- Bachelor of Arts (BA), Wake Forest University
- Master of Divinity (MDIV), Duke University
- Master of Arts (MA), Yale University
- Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Yale University
Early Christian history, literature, and thought; the historical Jesus; Pauline Studies; history of the text and canon of the New Testament; social description of early Christianity; bridgework with patristics: apostolic fathers, apologists, apocryphal literature, early history of the liturgy.